Pediatrics anemia

Pediatrics anemia is a common blood disorder that occurs when the body has lesser red blood cells than usual. Red blood cells transport oxygen throughout the body using hemoglobin, and if these proteins are not enough, it results in anemia. Anemia is usually a response to disease rather than the disease itself. In that case, it is as a result of an inherited chronic condition like cancers, genetic disorders, autoimmune and other diseases.

Common signs and symptoms of anemia include:

  • Yellow (sallow) skin or pale
  • Lips and pale cheeks
  • The nails may look less pink and lining in eyelids than normal
  • Napping often, tiring easily
  • Mild weakness
  • Irritability
  • Children may have cola-colored urine

Children with severe signs and symptoms may have:

  • Rapid heart rate
  • Swollen hands and feet
  • Dizziness and fainting
  • Shortness of breath
  • Restless leg syndrome
  • Headaches

How can I prevent my child from becoming anemic?

Always ensure that your child eats a well-balanced meal to avoid nutritional and iron-deficiency anemia. Always talk to your pediatrician as your child may require an additional nutritional supplement to prevent anemia.

If you are breastfeeding, avoid giving your baby cow milk until he or she is over 12 months old. Giving your child cow milk before 12 months may result in blood loss and can reduce the amount of iron absorbed in the gut. After four months, infants should be supplemented with an iron until they can eat enough food that contains rich supplements in iron. Talk to your pediatrician about the best food supplement for your baby.

If your formula-feed your baby, give your baby formula with enough iron. Low-iron formula can result in anemia and should be discouraged.

After 12 months of age, always ensure you give your child more iron. Milk is low in iron and can make your child feel full. This can reduce the amount of other iron-rich foods they eat. Encourage fruit in the family or eat food high in Vitamin C to improve the body’s absorption of iron.

How can I manage inherited anemia?

Always ensure you talk to a pediatrician if your child is showing any signs or symptoms of anemia. Also, find out if any of the family members have a problem with easy bleeding or a history of anemia—your pediatrician will likely refer you to a pediatric hematologist. The doctor will provide additional care for your child

Pediatrics care for Gastonia, NC

Young adults and children with iron deficiency anemia can receive treatment through Gastonia Pediatric Associates specialists. Our clinic has support staff and world-renowned pediatric hematology specialists designated for hematology patients. Gastonia associates offer extensive care for toddlers and children. Our office is always open to discuss your concern, conduct a test, and decide which treatment plan is best for your child. Gastonia Pediatric Associates, your Gastonia area pediatricians, offers top-quality pediatric care.