Pediatric cataract is any opacity or cloudiness in the lens of the eye. When cataracts develop, the light rays passing through the lens become scattered, and the retina image becomes distorted and blurred. Pediatric cataracts can affect one or both eyes. Cataract in children ranges from mild to severe. Some children may require treatment, while some do not necessarily need medicine.

Cataracts in children can be divided into:

  • Congenital cataracts: some children are born with cataracts. Vision may not be affected.
  • Secondary cataracts: Illnesses like diabetes and eye injury usually cause this type. In rare cases, medicine like steroids can also cause this type of cataract.
  • Radiation cataracts: radiation may also cause cataracts in children

What are the causes of cataracts in children?

There are several causes of cataracts in children. Some children are born with cataracts, while some get infected. The following may cause also cause cataracts in children: diabetes, injury, steroid use, poisoning.

What are the symptoms of cataracts in Charlotte, NC children?

  • Blurry or cloudy vision
  • Trouble seeing in the affected eye
  • Light sensitivity
  • A white or dark pupil reflex on the photograph
  • Pupil looks white when light is shined into it
  • Holding items close to the eye

Diagnosis and treatment from a pediatric doctor

You should see a pediatrician if your child is having any of the symptoms. Pediatric cataracts are usually rare in children, and early treatment is required. A vision screening test can be performed to identify the cause of treatment. A severe cataract can block visual input from reaching the optic nerve, optic, and brain. If present, your child’s doctor may recommend surgery. During the surgery, the surgeon will remove any cloudy part of the lens and place a flexible plastic artificial lens. For patients younger than the age of one, no intraocular lens is implanted. It can be done when the child grows older. Antibiotic and anti-inflammatory eye drops will be prescribed to aid the healing process.

How can parents help Charlotte, NC children?

Children who have cataracts may also have other eye problems like glaucoma. Take your child to a pediatric clinic for a checkup. Make sure you follow the doctor’s prescription correctly. If your child is given contact lenses, make sure you clean and observe if your child is having any problem wearing them. Cataracts are genetic. Let your pediatrician know if anyone in the family has. Ask all the necessary questions.

Pediatric cataracts in Charlotte NC

Cataracts can cause blindness if ignored. As long as children and parents stick to the treatment plan, there shouldn’t be any problem. At Gastonia Pediatric Associates, your child’s health will be taken care of by our pediatric ophthalmology clinical care, research, and surgery. We treat a variety of cases yearly and have expensive experience in all cases if pediatric cataracts.  Gastonia Pediatric Associates, your Gastonia area pediatricians, offers top quality pediatric care.