Pediatricians provide treatment to children infected with any form of illness. Pediatricians can help treat infant asthma in your child.

What is Infant asthma?

Asthma is a respiratory disease that manifests as “asthma attacks” causing difficulty in breathing. The asthma in children of less than 3 years is clinically defined as any respiratory discomfort episode accompanied by wheezing that has produced at least three times since birth. If your child under 36 months has had at least 3 episodes of bronchitis, nasopharyngitis or bronchiolitis, it is necessary to find out if he does not have asthma.

Symptoms

An asthma attack in infants can manifest as:

  • A dry cough, rapid wheezing, and the nostrils have a rapid pounding
  • Difficulty breathing when inhaling, the spaces between his ribs and above his collarbones widen, and his chest is distended even when he exhales
  • The baby is very pale; his lips and his fingers may turn blue
  • Baby eats and drinks with difficulty because he is tired

Faced with one or more of these symptoms, you should immediately consult your doctor or emergency services.

Symptoms of an acute asthma attack can be similar to symptoms of bronchiolitis. It is repetition that should be a cause of concern.

Infant asthma can also present with other (less suggestive) symptoms, such as:

  • Wheezing without cough
  • An exercise-induced cough (when the baby is walking, crying or agitating)
  • A cough occurring at night
  • A chronic cough or recurrent episodes of coughing
  • A persistent cough after bronchiolitis. In everyday language, we often speak of “asthmatic bronchitis”, “asthmatic cough”, “recurrent bronchiolitis”, etc.

The causes

Asthma in infants is becoming increasingly common. Around 20% of children under 36 months are affected. This rapid enough increase is probably due in part to environmental factors: different exposure to infectious agents, children more subject to viral infections.

The direct causes of infant asthma are yet to be known, but on the other hand, we know the factors that increase the risk factor:

  • Tobacco exposure;
  • In air pollution (especially Diesel pollution);
  • Allergies;
  • Viral infections.

Treatment of infant asthma from pediatricians

The severity of asthma (based in particular on the frequency of attacks) determines the choice of treatment.

To relieve the symptoms of asthma attacks, a treatment to be used occasionally is prescribed. The treatment aims to relieve breathing difficulties, wheezing and coughing, by making the child inhale bronchodilators and, if necessary, internal corticosteroids are prescribed. These products can be administered from an early age, when the first signs of an attack appear.

The disease-modifying treatment for infant asthma is started from the persistent-mild to persistent-moderate stages. It is mainly based on inhaled corticosteroid therapy at effective doses. This treatment is administered using an inhalation chamber or a compressor/nebulizer.

Contact Pediatricians in Gastonia NC

Infant asthma is quite a common occurrence with around 20% of children under 36 months old suffering from it. Good hygiene, specifically maintaining a dust/smoke free environment will help reduce episodes of asthma in your child.

You may need to consult your pediatrician if the symptoms persist even after following the prescribed treatment. Contact  Gastonia Pediatric Associates, your Gastonia area pediatricians, offers top-quality pediatric care.