Pediatricians treat Zika virus in children. Zika is a virus transmitted by mosquitoes. It can also be transmitted from a pregnant woman to her child through the placenta or during childbirth. This infection has been on the rise in the last few years and was recently tagged a health emergency by the WHO. In this article, you will learn about the Zika virus, its prevention, and treatment in children.

Symptoms of Zika

At present, the incubation time of the virus (the period from exposure to the onset of symptoms) is not known. The symptoms associated with the Zika virus infection, although milder, are very similar to those of dengue and chikungunya:

  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Weakness and headache.

In most cases, symptoms are mild and disappear within 2 to 7 days. Note that Zika is what is called an asymptomatic disease, which means that you can be a carrier of the virus, but not develop any symptoms. This is the case for about 80% of people infected with Zika.

Diagnosis of Zika

The method for diagnosing Zika virus is PCR (polymerase chain reaction) and isolation from blood samples. The doctors will also take into account the dates of the trip, and the places visited.

Risks of complications from Zika

Since the spread of the Zika epidemic, health officials have noticed an explosion in the number of cases of microcephaly, a congenital disability where babies are given birth to unusually small heads and brains. However, the link between Zika and cases of microcephaly is not yet scientifically proven, but there is strong suspicion. This is why some authorities have advised women in countries at risk not to become pregnant and women in other countries who are not to travel to countries at risk.

Zika prevention

The means of prevention is to protect yourself from mosquito bites. The use of repellents is desired, the wearing of clothing covering the body as much as possible and preferably of light color as well. It is also advisable to use insect screens, mosquito nets, and to close windows at night. It is also important to cover water containers such as buckets, flower pots, or tires, as these are the places where mosquitoes breed.

Zika treatment from pediatricians

There is currently no vaccine against the Zika virus. According to the WHO, Zika virus disease is usually relatively mild and does not require specific treatment. Affected people need plenty of rest, enough drink, and common pain and fever medications. If symptoms worsen, they should consult a doctor.

Contact Pediatricians in Gastonia NC

Zika virus infection affects quite a number of children yearly. Recently, there was a major outbreak of the infection, so this is an infection that you shouldn’t take lightly.

You will need to take precautionary steps to avoid the spread of Zika virus if there is an outbreak in your vicinity. You may also need to visit a pediatrician if your child has Zika virus infection. The pediatrician will decide on the best form of treatment for your child. Contact  Gastonia Pediatric Associates, your Gastonia area pediatricians, offers top-quality pediatric care.