Pediatricians help with the treatment of pneumonia in children. Pneumonia is a viral or bacterial infection of the lungs, most often developing in an acute fashion. It develops during a temporary decline in immune defenses, common in children.

Symptoms vary depending on the type of pneumonia. Treatment is based on taking antibiotics for bacterial pneumonia and getting plenty of rest. Sometimes hospitalization is necessary. The child’s lungs are filled with fluid, making it difficult for him to breathe properly. Every year, childhood pneumonia is responsible for about 800,000 deaths.

Causes and risk factors

Pneumonia is caused by viruses and bacteria. It is a contagious disease transmitted through particles suspended in the air by coughing or sneezing, in particular, liquids such as blood during childbirth or contaminated surfaces.

Symptoms

The symptoms differ depending on the cause of the disease.

Viral lung disease:

  • Runny nose, sneezing, dry cough, breathing difficulties
  • Fever at 102.2 ° F
  • Chills;
  • Muscle pain sometimes associated with a rash;
  • The lymph nodes (glands becoming palpable);
  • And diarrhea suggesting a viral origin.

In infants, respiratory discomfort is usual (rapid, wheezing breathing), and disturbing respiratory distress may occur (cyanosis, fluttering of the wings of the nose, disturbance of consciousness, sweating, drop in blood pressure, risk of fatal apnea).

Bacterial lung disease:

  • A sudden rise in temperature (fever to 104 °F, chills, and risk of febrile convulsion)
  • Vomitings
  • Restlessness
  • Exhaling growls
  • A moderate cough
  • An increased respiratory rate

A particular bacterium, mycoplasma, is responsible for a particular clinical picture: moderate fever, muscle and joint pain, digestive disorders, severe fatigue with headaches, and stiff neck. The diagnosis is usually suspected due to the appearance of the radiological signs and the resistance of the infection to conventional antibiotic treatment with amoxicillin.

Treatment from pediatricians

  • Rest;
  • Antipyretic treatment (to fight against fever);
  • Antibiotic in case of fear of bacterial superinfection (oral amoxicillin for 10 days).
  • Treatment of bacterial pneumococcal lung disease
  • In case of allergy to amoxicillin, antibiotic treatment with macrolide will be initiated;
  • Respiratory physiotherapy.
  • In all cases, monitoring of efficacy is essential: temperature drop within 48 hours and radiological control 10 days after stopping treatment.

Prevention

It is possible to limit the risk of pneumonia by adopting a good diet, hygiene measures, in particular by washing your hands regularly with soap and water or even limiting certain factors such as exposure to air pollution.

Finally, a primary pneumonia vaccine (PCV) is recommended against bacterial forms. The administration takes place in three doses.

Contact Pediatricians in Gastonia NC

Pneumonia is responsible for many infant deaths each year. The symptoms associated with pneumonia largely depends on whether it was caused by a virus or bacteria. It is an extremely dangerous infection, and treatment should be taken seriously.

You may need to consult your pediatrician when your child is infected with pneumonia.

Contact  Gastonia Pediatric Associates, your Gastonia area pediatricians, offers top-quality pediatric care