Pediatricians help in the treatment of impetigo in children. Impetigo is the most common skin infection in children. Very contagious, there are two main forms: crusted impetigo, characterized by pustules and the formation of yellowish scabs, and bullous impetigo, which manifests as larger bubbles, which can lead to significant erosions. This skin disease is common in children between 2 and 5 years old.

The crusty impetigo

Also called non-bullous impetigo, it is the most common form, around 70% of cases, which mainly affects children under 10 years old. At first, there is a rash made up of small vesicles or translucent bubbles, sometimes surrounded by a reddish area. These small lesions burst and ooze after a few hours, dry up and then form a yellowish crust that covers a small red erosion. These lesions are rarely painful but can sometimes be itchy. This infection is superficial and, therefore, does not cause a fever.

It is very contagious. It causes small epidemics in nurseries and schools, mainly during the summer, probably due to the wearing of short-sleeved shirts or shorts, which promote contact of the skin with other people and small lesions—trauma of the exposed parts.

The bullous impetigo

Bullous impetigo can also occur on healthy skin and accounts for 30% of cases of impetigo. It more frequently affects newborns and infants. The initial lesion is a larger bubble, measuring 1 to more than 2 cm. The lesions multiply, and after 2 to 3 days, they burst and form significant erosions of rapid extension.

As a general rule, there is neither fever nor pain, but it is advisable to consult without delay to avoid an excessive extension and the risk of superinfection. Bullous impetigo is rife in small epidemics in maternity wards, and nurseries and the germ are often transmitted through the hands of nursing staff.

The causes and locations of impetigo

The bacteria responsible for this skin disease are streptococcus, staphylococcus aureus, or both. These germs often come from the nasal mucosa, mouth, or perineal region of the child. In these cases, we speak of self-contamination. For this reason, impetigo is often located: around the nostrils, in the mouth, or in the perineal region.

However, all locations are possible (arms, legs, armpits, neck, etc.), except the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. Impetigo can also be spread through contact with another person (touching, kissing) as well as through the laundry.

Factors promoting impetigo from pediatricians

There are a number of situations that can increase the chances of impetigo:

  • The skin lesions caused by trauma such as a bite, a scratch, insect stings, or damage caused by a condition (eczema, varicella, herpes, scabies, pediculosis);
  • The lack of hygiene;
  • The presence of cases of impetigo in the nursery, at school;
  • The nasal infections, diarrhea
  • Some drugs used to treat chronic diseases (corticosteroids or immunosuppressants).

Treatment of impetigo from pediatricians

Whatever the form of impetigo, the goal of treatment is to obtain a cure in the shortest possible time to avoid the spread of the infection, complications, and relapses (repeated contaminations), as well as prevent contamination of the environment, at home and at school.

The use of antiseptics and antibiotics are known treatments for this disease.

Prevention of impetigo

To ensure the effectiveness of the treatment and also to avoid new infections in your child or those around him, it is necessary to follow a certain number of common-sense rules:

  • Keep your child at home to prevent the spread of infection in the community;
  • Give daily baths, frequent hand washing, short nails. To fight against the carriage of germs, carefully wash your child’s natural openings and folds,
  • As much as possible, avoid your child touching the lesions, sucking his thumb or biting his nails to avoid contamination of other parts of the body;
  • Wash your hands after local care or any contact with lesions;
  • Change potentially contaminated laundry and clothing frequently.

Contact Pediatricians in Gastonia NC

Impetigo affects a lot of young children, and it’s best treated by pediatricians through the use of antibiotics and antiseptics.  You may need to consult your pediatrician when your child is infected with impetigo. Contact  Gastonia Pediatric Associates, your Gastonia area pediatricians, offers top-quality pediatric care.